Thursday, August 27, 2020

periodic table Essay -- essays research papers

The History of the Periodic Table of Elements Dmitri Mendeleev and the early Periodic Table Dmitri Mendeleev was conceived in Tobolsk, Siberia; on February 7, 1834 .He was the most youthful of 14 youngsters destined to Maria Dmitrievna Korniliev and Ivan Pavlovitch Mendeleev. His dad was executive of the nearby exercise center. Maria Korniliev's family settled in Tobolsk in the mid 1700's and acquainted paper-and glass-production with Siberia. Sadly, Ivan passed on when Dmitri was very youthful, leaving his better half to help the huge family. The passing hit them hard monetarily particularly for a huge family, which implied that Maria had no other decision however to look for some kind of employment. Maria's family claimed a glass manufacturing plant and they permitted her to take over dealing with the organization so she could bolster the family. Dmitri, being the most youthful, seems to have been his mom's preferred kid and was given the same number of chances as she could bear. F rom his initial years, she started to set aside cash for Dmitri to go to the college. As he developed more seasoned, it became clear that he had a brilliant future. At 14 years old, he was going to the Gymnasium in Tobolsk and his mom was proceeding to get ready for his future. In that year, nonetheless, a second significant family disaster happened; the glass industrial facility caught fire. The family was crushed. Maria was not going to surrender her fantasies for her child. She knew now that Dmitri's just would like to proceed to class was to win a grant. So in his last a long time at the exercise center, Maria pushed Dmitri to improve his evaluations and plan for selection tests. After much annoying from his mom and Bessargin, Mendeleev breezed through his exercise center tests and arranged to enter the college. In 1849 they moved Moscow. Now the family included Maria, Dmitri, and Elizabeth (Dmitri's more seasoned sister). In Moscow, they entered an atmosphere of extensive political mayhem, which made the college hesitant to concede anybody from outside of Moscow. Mendeleev was dismissed. Maria didn't surrender, be that as it may, and the family set out toward St. Petersburg. Mendeleev was disregarded to confront his work at the college. Dmitri fell directly into his work at St. Petersburg. Mendeleev graduated and was granted the decoration of greatness for being first in quite a while class. Mendeleev previously had his life's aspirations as a primary concern and, planning to expand his life as far as might be feasible, he moved to Simferopol in the Crimean Peni... ...sp;   Pu     Am     Cm     Bk     Cf     Es     Fm     Md     No     Lr  â â â â â â â â â 1899â â â â â 1828â â â â â 1917â â â â â 1789â â â â â 1940â â â â â 1940â â â â â 1945â â â â â 1944â â â â â 1949â â â â â 1950â â â â â 1952â â â â â 1953â â â â â 1955â â â â â 1957â â â â â 1961 * Known to antiquated civic establishments Component Groups (Families) Soluble base Earth      Alkaline Earth     Transition Metals Uncommon Earth     Other Metals     Metalloids Non-Metals     Halogens     Noble Gases

Saturday, August 22, 2020

How to Prepare For Free Online Essay Writing Test

How to Prepare For Free Online Essay Writing TestIt is a well known fact that students all over the world are taking advantage of free online essay writing test to gain an edge in the competitive exam. If you really want to get an edge in the test, then I am here to share with you how you can prepare for this particular test effectively.First of all, you should try to work out your own homework and if you do not have any information on it, then you should start from scratch. The best thing about this type of test is that you can completely customize it to your knowledge level and the topic which you intend to discuss.You should also make use of practice papers or you can check out online study guides to understand the meaning of concepts as well as the right vocabulary used by the essay. Once you know about the different types of words, phrases and grammar rules and figures, then you can easily craft an effective essay.You should also be meticulous about the time management when you are writing the essay. There are instances where students tend to write down their ideas on paper only after they have read them from a book or the internet. You should keep this rule in mind and write it down only when you have completely understood it.It is always recommended that you begin writing the essay in the morning and continue working on it throughout the day, especially when you are taking free online essay writing test. This will give you a feeling of discipline and you will have the time to really focus on your task instead of getting distracted from it.Your goal should be to finish it without any problems. In order to achieve this, you should prepare all the important facts beforehand and focus on these for the next few days before the test day.It is very important that you know that you should always include the main topic of the essay. This is one of the most important aspects of essay writing and this is very easy to find out because if you read on the sample quest ions then you will find that the questions never deviate from the main topic.If you feel that your essay is not convincing then do not be bothered by it. Remember that you only have one chance and you should make sure that you manage to reach your goal and that too in the allotted time.

Friday, August 21, 2020

Going Abroad At NYU

Deciding to concentrate abroad is an energizing chance. Generally, understudies will travel to another country for a semester in an alternate college based on their personal preference. This procedure turns into somewhat troublesome in light of the fact that you need to ensure that the courses you are taking at the college abroad has credits that will move back over to your home college. At NYU, there is no compelling reason to stress over this. NYU has fourteen worldwide grounds (counting the New York City grounds) on six continents*. There is no compelling reason to twofold watch that your courses fulfill any credit necessity since it is as yet a piece of the college arrange. The Global Studies Office enables the understudies to get their important travel archives so there is continually somebody helping you show up securely and safely. There are additionally a few different projects other than the run of the mill semester away. For example, this past summer I went to a month long composing program at the NYU Florence grounds. It was unbelievably delightful and I made some extraordinary companions. I couldn't go to NYU Florence for the entire semester since it didn’t offer enough courses pertinent to my major, yet I frantically needed to go to Italy. There are other momentary projects for spring break, January, and summer. They have programs for human expressions, composing, style, science, and the sky is the limit from there. While I am as yet doing a semester abroad later in my time at NYU, this momentary open door was an extraordinary method to concentrate on a particular report. A few understudies can even apply to begin legitimately at a worldwide grounds. In the Global Liberal Studies program of NYU, an understudy spends their first year abroad at one of NYU’s worldwide grounds. It is likewise conceivable to NYU Shanghai or NYU Abu Dhabi for each of the four years of your school understanding. Both of those full time worldwide grounds are English-educated courses, however in a one of a kind a globalized setting. No other school offers this wide and built up assortment of structures with regards to concentrate abroad chances. Travel is significantly empowered at this college, and on the off chance that you search it out, you will discover a program that is ideal for you. *Heres a rundown of NYUs Global Campuses: Abu Dhabi, UAE Accra, Ghana Berlin, Germany Buenos Aires, Argentina Florence, Italy London, England Madrid, Spain Paris, France Prague, Czech Republic Shanghai, China Sydney, Australia Tel Aviv, Israel Washington D.C., USA Inspired by New York University? It’s imperative to meet one-on-onewith an understudy who shares your inclinations with the goal that you can figure out each school resembles for somebody like you. On the off chance that you utilize the promotion code‘SAMANTHA606’ you’ll get 20% off your visit!

Tuesday, May 26, 2020

embryonic stem cell research Essay - 679 Words

Running Head: EMBRYONIC STEM CELL RESEARCH Page 1 Carmelita Coto July 22, 2014 Embryonic Stem Cell Research PHI310 Stevens-Henager College EMBRYONIC STEM CELL RESEARCH Page 2 Embryonic Stem Cell Research Embryonic stem cell reasearch has a longstanding debate history. The 70s focused on research that involved fetuses in utero. The 80s shifted to research of transplantation of fetal tissue into adults with serious medical conditions such as diabetes, Parkinsons, and spinal cord injuries. The latest saga involves using cells from days-old spare embryos that are created in infertility treatment process and all are considered unethical and unmoral issues.†¦show more content†¦After this Congress created legislation codifying into federal law guidelines and then proposed by the NIH review panel. Recent debate concerns using cells in the process of infertility treatments. Scientists are most eager to work with them because they can generate all kinds of tissues a body may need and help repair damaged and diseased organs. This could offer hope to millions who have many medical disorders. But antiabortion activists argue against this type of research. EMBRYONIC STEM CELL RESEARCH Page 4 In 2001 the Bush administration took office and many expected to move quickly toward stem cell research but President Bush directed DHHS Secretary Tommy G. Thompson to review this issue. The policy sat in limbo and NIH cancelled the first meeting with the review committee. The support began building among antiabortion Republicans and let to Sens. Connie Mack and Thurmond announced their support for the research.Then Sen. Orrin G. Hatch announces his support and he was against it before. Interestingly politics always is involved. So in the meantime some states not willing to wait for policy sorted out on a federal level and those states are New Jersey and California. New Jersey put forth $11.5 million on budget for stem cell research. California is voting on a budget initiative in November to have similarShow MoreRelatedEmbryonic Of Stem Cell Research Essay1576 Words   |  7 PagesEmbryonic Stem Cell Research Francois Rabelais, the famous Renaissance humanist, once said, â€Å"Science without conscience is the death of the soul† (Rabelais, Francois). Since the late 1960’s, this has been the stance for opponents of embryonic stem cell research. This is saying, if we are willing to take a fertilized embryo and kill it before it has even had time to develop, where is our conscience, our heart? We consider this form of stem cell research to be immoral and unethical. ScientistsRead MoreEmbryonic Of Stem Cell Research942 Words   |  4 PagesEmbryonic Stem Cell is when you have to destroy the egg inside, thus rendering that egg to become a human. The Stem Cell is put into a petri dish where it will be cultured and feed nutrients (Bethesda). The Stem Cell is almost like a blank code, It can replenish a part of the body that is hurt or has a disease (Bigloo). Stem cells can be programed any where in the body to fix the issue. When the stem cell divides it will keep pro ducing till the part of the body is back to normal (Bethesda). StemRead MoreThe Debate Of Embryonic Stem Cell Research1292 Words   |  6 PagesEmbryonic stem cells research is the most debated type of stem cell research. The moral standings of embryonic stem cell research have been debated since the research started. The side against the research claims that it is wrong to value one’s life above another and that the elimination of the most basic form of life is murder. While the side supporting the research claims that the research could bring about the cure for many types of diseases and help save the lives of millions. Embryonic stemRead MoreThe Debate Of Embryonic Stem Cell Research1460 Words   |  6 Pages I believe that embryonic stem cell research should be allowed in the United States. From previous encounters with the topic I have learned that the many benefits that can come from stem cell research are without a doubt astounding and unimaginable. There are simpl y endless possibilities that can arise if the research was allowed to be conducted. From giving back vision to rebuilding tissue, any advance in stem cell research would be beneficial to the medical world. With the help that the advancesRead MoreEmbryonic Stem Cell Research Essay710 Words   |  3 PagesResearch on stem embryonic stem cells We live in a world where genetic sciences have gone beyond laws, and past the imagination. We have come to a point where we don’t know anymore what is right, and what is wrong. We have to decide. In fact, studies are made on embryonic stem cells that for now have the purpose to better our overall health. These stem cells are extracted from extra IVF embryos; they are used and destroyed. While it’s true that this research could cure serious illnesses as Parkinson’sRead MoreThe Debate Of Embryonic Stem Cell Research931 Words   |  4 Pages Embryonic stem cell research is the study of stem cells derived from the undifferentiated inner mass cells of a human embryo. For many years now, the ethics of embryonic stem cell research has been argued. A recent advance in this line of research is the ability to clone the embryonic stem cells, which allows for researchers to create a completely compatible embryonic stem cell to the individual’s tissue type. Though thi s new science may be very beneficial, not everyone can agree on the ethics ofRead MoreThe Debate Of Embryonic Stem Cell Research1711 Words   |  7 PagesEmbryonic stem cell research is a hot topic of debate in our modern age, as scientific development continues to push the boundaries of ethics. The debates lies in whether or not it is helping or hindering society, as the procedure involves the manipulation of a human embryo. Embryonic stem cells (ESCs) are derived from a week old human embryo (blastocyst), often developed from unused in vitro fertilised eggs. They are pluripotent, meaning they are capable of undergoing directed differentiation andRead MoreHuman Embryonic Stem Cell Research1625 Words   |  7 PagesProduction and the Scientific and Therapeutic Use of Human Embryonic Stem Cells, the Pontifical Academy for Life presents the field of stem cell research with a statement regarding the official Roman Catholic position on the moral aspects of acquiring and using human embryonic stem cells.  They have declared that it is not morally legitimate to produce or use human embryos as a source of stem cells, nor is it acceptable to use stem cells from cell lines already established. Thus, bringing up the conflictingRead More Embryonic Stem Cell Research Essay1451 Words   |  6 Pagestechnology has allowed for a new understanding of stem cells and further developments in research. The use of stem ce lls in regenerative medicine may hold significant benefits for those suffering from degenerative diseases. To avail such advancements in stem cell research could see the alleviation or complete cure of afflictions that take the lives of millions worldwide each year. (McLaren, 2001) A stem cell 1 is able differentiate into any somatic cell found in the human body, including those identicalRead MoreHuman Embryonic Stem Cell Research2490 Words   |  10 PagesFederal Government to fund stem cell research through the National Institute of Health. There are various types of stem cells, but the policy issue mainly covers human embryonic stem cells. This policy revokes President George W. Bush s executive order 13435 which put heavy limitations on federal funding for stem cell research. Although this policy has already taken effect, there are still bans and immense regulation on particular methods of human embryonic stem cell extraction that involve the

Friday, May 15, 2020

Summary Critique About Article the Science of Desire Essays

Summary The article The Science of Desire presents ethnography and its proponents play an important role in modern business world. Author Ante began with an example, the satellite-radio war, to show how ethnography worked in business. In satellite-radio war, Sirius Satellite Ratio made a team of social scientists, designers, and ethnographers. Through studying customers’ habit of listening to music, watching TV and reading magazines, the team concluded several facts that can defeat competitors. Then, depending on the research, Sirius launched its new product, the Sirius S50. Later, as the company’s wish, the S50 became one of the hottest sellers in that season. How does ethnography work in business? Many examples show brainstorms†¦show more content†¦Therefore, GE shares prototypes with customers. Furthermore, instead of currying favor with executives, it works closely with engineers to solve technical problems. Third, ethnography transforms a culture. From 1990s, Intel, a big corporation that does not market directly to consumers, brought in ethnographers at the highest levels of management in order to focus on consumer products more. In past years, Intel developed its wireless Centrino mobile technology by studying Alaska’s fishers; Intel began to develop medical technology for the wave of retiring boomers by studying the elderly; Intel developed $500 Community India PC by studying rural Indian condition. In order to do better in ethnography research, Intel created a network of â€Å"platform-definition centers† in Bangalore, Cairo, Sà £o Paulo, and Shanghai. Although some ones in the company still does not believe ethnography, with anthropologists’ help, indeed engineers and other had better get used to it. Critique Generally, I agree with the principles of this article. At first, let’s look at what is ethnography. According to the definition in the website Wi kipedia: Ethnography (Greek á ¼â€ÃŽ ¸ÃŽ ½ÃŽ ¿Ãâ€š ethnos = people and ÃŽ ³Ã ÃŽ ¬Ãâ€ ÃŽ µÃŽ ¹ÃŽ ½ graphein = writing) is a genre of writing that uses fieldwork to provide a descriptive study of human societies. Ethnography presents the results of a holistic research method founded on the idea that aShow MoreRelatedThe Science Of Desire : Ethnography And Its Proponents Play1144 Words   |  5 PagesSummary The article The Science of Desire presents ethnography and its proponents play an important role in modern business world. Author Ante began with an example, the satellite-radio war, to show how ethnography worked in business. In satellite-radio war, Sirius Satellite Ratio made a team of social scientists, designers, and ethnographers. Through studying customers’ habit of listening to music, watching TV and reading magazines, the team concluded several facts that can defeat competitors. ThenRead MoreAre Violent Video Games Are Harmful To Children And Adolescents?1729 Words   |   7 Pageslong-standing debate that violent video games are harmful to the rising generations. The article that was selected to be critiqued is, â€Å"Are Violent Video Games Harmful to Children and Adolescents?†. The purpose of this paper is to analyze and critique the research methods and conclusions included by the author of the article. Summary Author, Steven F. Gruel, argues that there is an overwhelming amount of science and research that supports the claim that video games that are violent are indeed harmfulRead MoreMary Shellys Frankenstein and the Consideration of Psychological Traumas Women Face in the Lack of Control Over Their Reproductive Organs1798 Words   |  7 Pagestheir reproductive organs. II. Introduction Women throughout the world have experienced psychological trauma over the lack of control over their reproductive organs and whether this trauma has been associated with giving birth when they did not desire to do so or being disallowed to conceive when they desired to conceive, this trauma is very real and evidence in Mary Shellys Frankenstein. III. Methodology The methodology of this study is qualitative in nature. Qualitative research is interpretiveRead MoreEarly Mortality : Review Of The Charleston Heart Study1089 Words   |  5 PagesEarly Mortality: Review of the Charleston Heart Study A Critiquà © Submitted by [Your Name] El Centro College Psychology 23xx, Section 5xxxx, Fall 2013 Abstract Workaholism is a disorder that has ruined the lives of many individuals. The need to work can over shadow and dominate a person. Workaholism is a disorders that is driven by the person themselves. Shifron (1999) writes that the disorder itself not only dramatically affects the person but â€Å"also negatively affects the individual’sRead MoreU.s. Bush s Administration On Foreign Policy Over The Last Forty Years1717 Words   |  7 Pageswidespread debate over the Bush administration s foreign policy led to greatly renewed interest among scholars about the practice and consequences of unilateralism. Although the concept of unilateralism is used very prominently by scholars and pundits, analysts typically employ the term without specifying it. Given the plethora of different meanings of the term, it is incumbent to be precise about the particular definition that is being used. It is only recently that scholars have moved to establish detailedRead MoreDoes Elevation Head of the Bed Reduce Risk Ventilator Associated Pneumonia5066 Words   |  21 Pagesand question are developed. This essay will tell where and how to search for relevant facts. This essay will focus on the critique part as well. Two selected journal articles will be critiqued, discussed, to recommend and evaluate the strength and the weakness of the published. Main body: Developing the topic: Topic will be chosen first by writer and learn deeply about the content of the journal of a research study. Ventilator associated pneumonia (VAP) is defined by the AmericanRead MoreThe Effect Of Western Culture1873 Words   |  8 PagesArticle Summary This article is focused on the effects of western culture, particularly the modern ideals of ultra-thin bodies, on non-western women. The author, Jaita Talukdar, decided to spend some time in India in order to conduct research on the topic. During her stay, she discovered many different things about these Indian women, including what motivates them to want to lose weight, their opinion on the current standards of beauty in western culture, and how these ideals have become ingrainedRead MoreLiterature Review2802 Words   |  12 PagesMarketing Science, 21(1), 1-12. Prepared by Michael Ling Email: Note: Michael Ling is the sole author of this document. You’re welcomed to use its contents but, as a courtesy, please quote the source of this paper http// Page 1 Prepared by Michael Ling Introduction The following two articles are examples of „positivist‟ and „interpretive‟ styles of research in the marketing discipline. Section A provides a brief introduction about the two articlesRead MoreWho Is an Entrepreneur2954 Words   |  12 PagesContents Introduction 2 Short Summary 2 Common/different aspects of the paper 2 Conclusions 6 References 7 â€Å"Who is an entrepreneur?† Introduction â€Å"Who is an entrepreneur?† is a question that aroused many controversies and debates. Among many articles that talks about the entrepreneur and the process of entrepreneurship I will focus on three articles that tried to answer this question or demonstrated the uselessness of the question. Analyzing many different pointsRead MoreMarketing And Sustainability From The Perspective Of Future Decision Makers Essay2085 Words   |  9 Pagesaspect. Marketing is formulated by the approach of satisfying customer’s wants and needs, segmentation, targeting and positioning and meeting organizations objectives. To function effective marketing is to create awareness, market research and create a desire for a product or service to name a few. Every person in an organization is responsible for marketing. Drucker (1954) stated that ‘Marketing is not only much broader than selling. It is the whole business seen from the point of view of the final result

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Teaching Philosophy, Theories, And Pedagogies Work For...

Course Question Paper- â€Å"In light of what we know about how people learn, how shall we best teach?† Cindy Vang Concordia University, St. Paul, ED514.671 Professor Chuck McGill December 12, 2016 There is not a single â€Å"correct† way to teach, but the best way to teach is to discover what teaching philosophy, theories, and pedagogies work for your teaching style. â€Å"The best way to teach† is unique to each individual teacher. Even so, there are some aspects of teaching that are important to being an effective teacher. Some of the facets I will be discussing include understanding the Concordia University Educator as Professional Decision Maker, Reflective†¨Practitioner, and Adaptive Expert conceptual framework, learning theories to consider, and effective classroom practices. Concordia University’s (2015) mission for the Department of Graduate Teacher Education is to â€Å"prepar[e] professionals at the advanced/graduate level to be decision makers, reflective practitioners, and adaptive experts for teaching, research, and leadership in diverse and global educational communities† (p. 2). In order to achieve this mission, Concordia University will provide students with a broad, liberal arts education. The purpose of this is to help expose and expand their knowledge of a variety of topics. The overall experience and knowledge gained from Concordia University will prepare graduates with essential skills to help them succeed in the workforce. Concordia University’sShow MoreRelatedTeaching As A Brilliant Lesson Essay812 Words   |  4 PagesIn the past I thought that ‘teaching’ a brilliant lesson would help students to learn, but I have gradually realised that didactic teaching has little or no impact on the majority of our s tudents. It is a sad truism that a significant number of our students are uninterested and resistant to learning, possibly due to their own previous experiences, peer pressure and the nature of influences outside of the classroom. My concern as a teacher of these students has been to identify strategies that canRead MoreLetter Sample Essay1188 Words   |  5 Pagesof ESL and TESL Teaching Assistant Professor in the Department of Linguistics. I am currently a doctoral candidate at Ohio State University (OSU) in Columbus with a specialization in Foreign, Second, and Multilingual Language Education (within the TESOL program) and an additional interdisciplinary specialization in Educational Technology. I completed my dissertation oral defend in June and will officially graduate in this early August 2017. I look forward to contributing to your department by conductingRead MoreThe Ever Changing Classroom : Managing The Intangible Essay1644 Words   |  7 Pagesthe years, much has change d in regards to effective classroom pedagogy. Countless revisions to the once tried and true methodologies of a past age litter the literary practitioner’s textbooks, giving way to an abundance of amendments to strategies no longer pertinent within the ever changing world of high school education. With every new addition to the teaching arsenal come a slew of radical and innovative perspectives and philosophies, looking to reinvent, or at the very least modify, the ever-turningRead MoreConfucius, Aristotle, Aquinas, And Erasmus1713 Words   |  7 PagesChristian education should teach students to learn to act like God and to do His work (Graham, 2003). â€Å"True education is to develop knowledge of God and His created reality and to use that knowledge in exercising a creative-redemptive dominion over the world . . . â€Å" (Graham, 2003, p. 57). Being a Christian educator, does not mean that organizational structure and curriculum occur in a vacuum. Educational philoso phy and structure have been developing for thousands of years and the wise educationalRead MoreDevelopmentally Appropriate Practice1675 Words   |  7 Pagesthe child lives. In other words, DAP is a framework for teaching children based on prior knowledge. This implies that educators must be well-versed in child development and make a effort to continuously do research and training in their field. This also implies that educators must have a solid partnership with parents that includes trust and reciprocation. Additionally, educators must get to know their students to learn their learning styles and individual needs. DAP is extremely valuable to childrenRead MoreInclusion Of Children With Disabilities1979 Words   |  8 Pagesearly childhood education (Early Years Learning Framework: PERSPECTIVES ON PEDAGOGY, 2013). The Early Childhood Education and Care come under the Education and Care Services National Law 2010 and Education and Care Services National Regulations 2011 (ACECQA) 2010. The National Quality Framework provides educators with vital importance of inclusion with a number of components. Together with our personal and the services philosophy our perspectives can be affected by the way we approach our working livesRead MoreEssay Nur 647e Complete Class2195 Words   |  9 Pagesrole of your choice (either hospital-based or academic; ANA or NLN) in the assigned readings. Select one competency and share it with your classmates. Be sure to address why you selected the one you did. Discuss how you have already met it or how you plan to meet it as you embark on your journey as a nurse educator. Support your response with literature. How do you see health care reform affecting the role of the nurse educator? Use the literature to support your response. Be specific to your selectedRead MoreThe Inclusion of Inclusive Education in Teacher-Training: Issues of Curriculum, Pedagogy and Staffing2717 Words   |  11 PagesThe Inclusion of Inclusive Education in Teacher-Training: Issues of Curriculum, Pedagogy and Staffing Introduction UNESCO has defined inclusive education as the opening up of ‘schools, centre of learning and educational systems†¦to ALL children. For this to happen, teachers, schools and systems may need to change so they can better accommodate the diversity of needs that pupils have and (ensure) that they (the pupils) are included in all aspects of school life. It also means a process of identifyingRead MoreEssay about How Does Learning Occur?1951 Words   |  8 Pagesensuring that genuine learning transpires in the classroom, there are various issues that educators must concern their selves with. Understanding and responding to these issues require extensive knowledge of various theories in education as well as in the application of such theories. One such issue which is the focus of this paper is that on how learning occurs. Student learning is the primary goal of any academic institution, and leading students to achieve learning is the purpose of every educatorRead MoreLiterature R eview : Music Education And Developing1796 Words   |  8 PagesMusicality Many researchers have studied the subject of teaching music and methods to increase musical understanding in the elementary and secondary school settings. Many pedagogical developers have presented methods in which they feel are most effective. â€Å"Critical pedagogy is not a traditional music-teaching method, as it combines philosophy and pedagogy, theory and practice. Unlike Orff, Kodà ¡ly, or Dalcroze, there are no specific teaching techniques or prescribed body of musical repertoire students

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Occupational Health and Safety Hypothetical Structure

Question: Discuss about the Occupational Health and Safety forHypothetical Structure. Answer: Introduction MacDonald in his journal article, The impact of job demands and workload on stress and fatigue, referred to the hypothetical structure of workload. It is such a concept that has its wide application in the human factor or rather in the HF psychology. The concept of workload is often equated with the concept of job demand. Scholars and critics have often equated occupational health and safety related issues with job demand, as it is not only related to workload but at the same time, it is related to stress management at the same time. Summary of the first article: In the article Workload, control, and social support effects on serum lipids: A longitudinal study among apparently healthy employed adults, published by Shirom et al. (2009), the author has pointed out the effectiveness of high density lipoprotein cholesterol and the low density lipoprotein cholesterol for both the male and female employees. In order to survive in an organization, employees need to keep their health safe. As per the JUC-S model, the employees need to have some important physiological mechanism in order to provide an effective service at the workplace. In order to provide good service within the organization, employees should be concerned about their health. Summary of the second article: The second article, The impact of job demands and workload on stress and fatigue, published by MacDonald (2003), the author has stated that the overarching term workload is a hypothetical concept dealing with the human factors psychology. The two underlying term job demand and workload are inseparably related to each other. The author in this article has pointed out that human factor psychology can be demonstrated as one of the most effective determinants of fatigue levels of employees. If the workload inside an organization cannot be reduced, the employees would never show their interest to perform well. Therefore, the sufficient demand for the job would be created only when the employees would enjoy the rhythm of work at the workplace. Summary of an article of university electronic library: The article Mediator and Moderator effects of demands on self-control in the relationship between workload and indicators of job strain by Diestel and Schmidt (2009), mentioned that high work pressure is the only reason of excessive job strain. The author has highlighted that job strains hamper the entire rhythm of business. Organizational environment is one of the most effective reasons for rendering job strains on the mind of the employees. The managers with the help of autocratic leadership style like to impose their decision on the employees. As a result, employees feel uncomfortable to become accustomed with the managers following action regulation theory at the workplace. Summary of fourth article: Occupational stress and hypertension published by Rosenthal and Alter (2012) has focused to highlight on the negative impacts occupational stress and hypertension inside the organization. Employees would never be able to perform well taking extreme pressure and tension at the time of executing services. The managers have to form their strategies and policies in such a way that employees do not hesitate to share any kind of problem regarding the job profile. Summary of fifth article: The article, Preventing occupational stress in healthcare workers by Ruotsalainen, Verbeek, Marin and Serra (2015) is reflecting that occupational stress has become much prominent in health care context. The prevention of occupational stress underlies in the complete checking of the progress report, which is documented by reviewing different segments. Various Psychological Impacts and Effects of Workloads and Job Demand In the journal, Workload, control, and social support effects on serum lipids: A longitudinal study among apparently healthy employed adults, conducted has proved that serum lipid are not only affected by the workloads and job demands. The research bring forward several other factors like heredity, genetic problems and even problems like smoking that could affect the serum lipids that are there in the human body. The research further proves that the work-based support that is being received by a specific individual does not affect the serum lipid level, although at times the home based support could affect the serum lipid level. (Figure 1: The Perceived Workload within the T1 Time (Source: Ruotsalainen et al. 2015) The particular research although has been conducted with the help of the Job-Demand Control (-Support) or with the help of the JDC-S model, which proved that the workload or the job demand does affect the serum level. There is although, another model that has been used by various researchers to conduct the research based on the relationship between workload and the affect it has on the physiological and the psychological health of the human beings. The second model that is being used by other researchers to conduct the research is the JD-R or the Job Demand-Resource model. The researchers who have used this particular research model has given importance to two kinds of tradition; between these two kinds of tradition one is the motivational research and the other is the stress research tradition (Velnampy and Aravinthan 2013). According to this particular, model the job demands that are there in the organization leads to problems like health impairment. It can be said that this research proved that the job demands lead to health impairment and on the other hand, there are things like job resources act as a motivator for the individual. (Figure 2: The Job Demand-Resource Model (Source: Liu et al. 2012) The extend and awareness of occupational stress among various stakeholders The definition of stress s subjective nature, and although the phenomenon is quite new, it is present everywhere and especially in the work places. In simple words stress could be define as a response towards a demand. According to many critics and authors, the concept of stress is very natural and normal part of a life and thus it has its occurrence whenever there is any kind of major changes. Globalization, too, is responsible for the occupational stress that is being experienced by the workers of a particular organization (Yong et al. 2013). The reason behind this is that the demand level is increasing at both the global as well as the local level. Therefore, many times the workers could not cope up with this demand and thus it gives rise to problems like work related stress. The workers or the employees working in the organization should be aware of the occupational stress because the occupational stress not only has a negative effect on the workers but at the same time, it has a negative effect on the companies as well. Work related stress not only creates physiological or psychological health problems among the workers but at the same time, this kind of stress affects the cognition and the behavior of the workers. The companies too can get affected by this kind of stress because, this kind of stress could create physiological problems, which could lead to problems like increase absenteeism in the company. The increase absenteeism, would affect the performance of the company, and it too may affect the productivity of the company. Discussion on the Control and Management Strategies of occupational stress Liu et al. (2012) stated that organizations should reduce the occupational stress on the employees in order to get the best endeavor from them. Incorporating basic stress reduction action is one of the major management strategies for reducing the occupational stress. Basic stress reduction action ensures that employees need to get a free work environment. Managers should never impose their own decision on the employees during the performance. Managers should provide priority and response to the service procedure of employees as well. As a result, employees would be motivated to perform well inside the organization instead of considering work as a stress. Implementing participative leadership at the workplace is one of the major ways to reduce occupational stress at the workplace. With the help of participative leadership, the employees get immense opportunities to share their opinion regarding the business goal. Therefore, the leaders as well before taking any kind of decision at the workplace should make a collective decision. As a result, the employees feel free to provide effective services. The co-operation from the managers helps the employees to feel independent at the time of their performance. Therefore, work environment has been considered as one of the major factors for controlling and reducing occupational stress at the workplace. Conclusion The entire study has provided an in-depth understanding regarding the effectiveness of occupational health at the workplace. 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